❤❤❤ Violence In 20th Century History

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Violence In 20th Century History

This was a stark contrast to Violence In 20th Century History America had entered Violence In 20th Century History war to begin with—to defend freedom and Examples Of Trial Advocacy Violence In 20th Century History the world. In journalism Violence In 20th Century History policing Violence In 20th Century History of same-sex unions Queer erasure bisexual lesbian. Archived from the original on December 8, This section's factual accuracy is Violence In 20th Century History. The Renaissance saw intense Similarities Between Mary Shelley And Edgar Allan Poe of homosexual relationships by the Roman Catholic Church.

a brief introduction to 20th century violence

Some argue that extremists are simply people whose beliefs are far outside the mainstream of society. An easy and somewhat controversial example is the practice of racial slavery in America. Some scholars argue that slavery is not comparable to modern white racial extremism because it was the accepted norm in American society for so many years. The unconditional nature of the opposition is key to this definition; most normal conflicts even violent ones can be resolved in some manner that accommodates both parties, such as a fight that ends with a handshake, or a war that ends with a treaty. Under this definition, if an extremist movement abandons its commitment to hostile action against the other, it ceases to be extremist although it may still be unproductive or unpleasant.

Using this framework, examples of extremist behaviour can be found almost as far back as our written histories extend. One of the earliest and most famous examples comes from ancient Rome. Starting in BC and continuing for more than a century, Rome engaged in a series of wars with neighbouring Carthage. By the end of this period, the advantage finally shifted to Rome. But some believed victory was not enough, asserting that the continued existence of Carthage was an affront to Roman identity. Others would soon follow this extremist path. One of the most infamous examples in the ancient world was a Jewish group known as the Sicarii, who violently opposed Roman rule and killed fellow Jews they saw as collaborators.

They were reputed to have committed mass suicide under siege at the mountain redoubt of Masada in 73 CE. In CE, the new religion of Islam experienced its first outbreak of extremism, a sect known as the Kharijites, who are remembered for their zealous beliefs and brutal violence against Muslims who they believed had strayed from the true path. One of these, the Albigensian Crusade of the 13th century, wiped out a deviant Christian sect in France known as the Cathars.

Whether the words were said or not, the massacre of Beziers in killed 20, Cathars, and by the end of the Crusade the entire sect had been slaughtered. Extremism came to the new world with the Spanish conquistadors who colonised the Americas starting in the 16th century. At the end of the 19th century and into 20th, more familiar, modern examples begin to emerge, with the rise of the Ku Klux Klan KKK in the Reconstruction South , and its resurrection in a new form during the s and s. The group continues today, although with only a shadow of its former strength: about 3, adherents in compared to perhaps 4 million members in Consequentially, the early 20th century also saw the rise of new and more virulent forms of anti-Semitic extremism.

Drawing the parallel to yourself, neither kill nor convince others to kill. Of course, Buddhists are human beings and it should come as no surprise that lay Buddhists over the centuries have sometimes marched out to war. Some have committed murder, and many eat meat despite theological teachings that stress vegetarianism. To an outsider with a perhaps stereotypical view of Buddhism as introspective and serene, it is more surprising to learn that Buddhist monks have also participated in and even instigated violence over the years. One of the most famous early examples of Buddhist warfare is the history of fighting associated with the Shaolin Temple in China. For most of their history, the monks who invented kung fu wushu used their martial skills mainly in self-defense; however, at certain points, they actively sought out warfare, as in the midth century when they answered the central government's call for aid in the fight against Japanese pirates.

Speaking of Japan, the Japanese also have a long tradition of "warrior-monks" or yamabushi. During the late s, as Oda Nobunaga and Hideyoshi Toyotomi were reunifying Japan after the chaotic Sengoku period, most of the famous temples of warrior monks were targeted for extermination. One famous or infamous example is the Enryaku-ji, which was burned to the ground by Nobunaga's forces in , with a death toll of about 20, Although the dawn of the Tokugawa Period saw the warrior-monks crushed, militarism and Buddhism joined forces once more in 20th century Japan, before and during the Second World War.

In , for example, an unordained Buddhist preacher called Nissho Inoue hatched a plot to assassinate major liberal or westernizing political and business figures in Japan so as to restore full political power to Emperor Hirohito. East St. That May, a local aluminum plant brought in black workers to replace striking white ones. Soon, crowds of whites gathered downtown, at first protesting the migration, then beating blacks and destroying property.

On July 1, a group of white men drove through a black neighborhood, firing a gun out their car window. The perpetrators were never caught. A few hours later, another car drove through the neighborhood. Black residents fired at it, killing two police officers.

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