⚡ Self Care Deficit Theory In Nursing
Self Care Deficit Theory In Nursing Promotion in Nursing Self Care Deficit Theory In Nursing. Attitude Self Care Deficit Theory In Nursing Beliefs regarding Health and Sickness An attitude is a psychological tendency that Character Flaws In Romeo And Juliet expressed by evaluating a particular entity with some degree of favour Self Care Deficit Theory In Nursing disfavour [ 12 ] and a value can be defined as a Self Care Deficit Theory In Nursing belief about the worth, desirability, Self Care Deficit Theory In Nursing, truth, and beauty of a particular idea or Self Care Deficit Theory In Nursing [ Self Care Deficit Theory In Nursing ]. They can recover more quickly and holistically if Heart Of Darkness Essay Questions are allowed to perform their own self-cares to the best of their ability. The Nurse Practitioner. Sources:. Discipline: English Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners. British Medical Journal. Effects on hypertensive Self Care Deficit Theory In Nursing satisfaction with information about Self Care Deficit Theory In Nursing medication after nurses' Self Care Deficit Theory In Nursing training.
Dorothea Orem Self Care Theory
Other rating scales can be developed using pictures or descriptive words. Anxiety and depression are the more common emotional responses associated with fatigue. Fatigue may be a medication side effect or an indication of a drug interaction. Fatigue may be a symptom of protein-calorie malnutrition, vitamin deficiencies, or iron deficiencies. Both increased physical exertion and limited levels of exercise can contribute to fatigue. The patient will need to be an active participant in planning, implementing, and evaluating therapeutic interventions to relieve fatigue. Social support will be necessary to help the patient implement changes to reduce fatigue.
Recognizing relationships between specific activities and levels of fatigue can help the patient identify excessive energy expenditure. The log may indicate times of day when the person feels the least fatigued. This information can help the patient make decisions about arranging his or her activities to take advantage of periods of high energy levels. A plan that balances periods of activity with periods of rest can help the patient complete desired activities without adding to levels of fatigue.
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Achiever Papers is here to save you from all this stress. Let our professional writers handle your assignments and submit them to you no matter how close the deadline seems to be. For nurses the application of a theory in hypertension care can give even deeper understanding of the patients' challenges and also of their own professional nursing actions. Further research could be directed to different aspects of the application of the theory to clinical settings or to the theoretical relationships between the concepts.
In clinical settings it would be of interest to study nurses' views on applying the theory in their practice and also hypertensive patients' views of how they perceive their treatment and their experiences of performing self-care. Intervention studies could be performed where the nursing care is based on the theory to see if this makes any difference on patient outcomes. The relationships between the concepts and a development of the different concepts need attention too. There are several questions to be answered such as what the differences between concordance and shared decision-making are, whether it is important to incorporate levels of hardiness, sense of coherence, and locus of control in the theory, and whether it makes a difference using the word patient-centredness in defining counselling skills instead of person-centredness.
According to Higgins and Moore's definitions [ 85 ], this proposed theory is predictive, that is, anticipating a particular set of outcomes, and has the components of identified and defined concepts, assumptions that clarify the basic underlying truths, a context within which the theory is placed but lacks identified relationships between and among the concepts. For that reason, views from the world of nurses interested in the development of theorising nursing in hypertension care are most valuable. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Int J Hypertens v.
Int J Hypertens. Published online Feb Eva Drevenhorn. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Corresponding author. Eva Drevenhorn: es. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Nursing in hypertension care comprises counselling about lifestyle changes, blood pressure measurement, and being a translator for the physician. Introduction Nursing in hypertension care has been shown to comprise counselling about lifestyle changes, blood pressure measurement, and being a translator for the physician [ 1 ].
Methodology A middle-range theory is to be developed inductively from research and practice [ 10 ] and can be combined with existing theories [ 11 ]. Open in a separate window. Figure 1. Table 1 Searches made in the different data bases during the years. Definitions of Concepts In the paper research results from each concept are presented whenever any study with hypertensive patients involved has been found regardless of the study's age. Concepts Related to the Patient Concepts that are related to the patients' ability, disposition, and willingness to change lifestyle and take medicines are presented here.
Attitude and Beliefs regarding Health and Sickness An attitude is a psychological tendency that is expressed by evaluating a particular entity with some degree of favour or disfavour [ 12 ] and a value can be defined as a personal belief about the worth, desirability, goodness, truth, and beauty of a particular idea or object [ 13 ]. Autonomy Autonomy is defined as self-government; that is, people are autonomous to the extent to which they are able to control their own lives [ 17 ].
Personality and Traits A personality is a blend of two or more traits [ 19 ], which are factors that determine our conduct in many different situations and also when it comes to changing lifestyle. Vulnerability Vulnerability is defined in nursing literature as an externally evaluated risk by a person outside the experience or as an experiential state as understood by the person herself [ 23 ].
Hardiness The concept of hardiness was first introduced as a personality characteristic with the dimensions of commitment active involvement in one's life activities , control belief in the ability to influence the course of one's life events , and challenge change is normal and growth-producing [ 26 ]. Locus of Control As psychosocial dynamics influence health behaviour, Rotter et al. Self-Efficacy Perceived self-efficacy refers to beliefs in one's capabilities to organise and execute the courses of actions required to produce certain practical attainments [ 31 ]. Social Support and Network There is no universally accepted definition or conceptualisation of social support, but Lindsey [ 35 ] defines social support as provision of information that leads people to believe they are cared for, loved, esteemed, valued, and a member of a network of communication and mutual obligation.
Concepts Related to Nursing in Hypertension Care Concepts of importance for the nurse when nursing patients in hypertension care are presented here. Theories and Models for Behavioural Change There are several theories and models developed to understand what determines behaviours. Professional Knowledge To be able to perform all the tasks that are included in nursing in hypertension care, the nurse has to be updated in the latest guidelines for hypertension treatment, both pharmacological and nonpharmacological.
Health Education The importance of health teaching as a part of nursing has been recognised for a long time. Support The patient often gets social support from, for example, their next of kin and friends, but the nurse also has to support the patient regarding the specific individual lifestyle problems the patient has. Concepts Related to the Consultation and the Expected Outcome In the consultation the patient and the nurse meet. Communication Caring is an interpersonal process and builds the rapport between nurse and patient. Shared Decision-Making and Concordance The Swedish Health and Medical Services Act [ 63 ] states that care should be given based on respect for patients' own decisions and their integrity.
Coping Coping comprises the person's strategies to handle trying situations and demands that are appraised as taxing or exceeding the resources of the person [ 67 ], such as being diagnosed as having hypertension. Adherence There has been a shift through the years from using the term compliance to using adherence, though many authors still use the word compliance. Self-Care Self-care can be defined as activities initiated or performed by an individual, family, or community to achieve, maintain, or promote maximum health [ 42 ].
Integration with Existing Theory of Nursing All the defined concepts related to nursing in hypertension care form the basis for nursing interventions, and the nurse makes an assessment of the patient's self-care demands in communicating with the patient to help the patient to change lifestyle, that is, to perform self-care. Clinical and Research Implications Nursing in hypertension care has been criticised for not being fully professionally performed and for not having any structure for the counselling in the consultations [ 82 ]. Table 2 A schematic description of how the nurse could make use of the proposed theory in hypertension care.
Conflicts of Interest The author declares that there are no conflicts of interest. References 1. Bengtson A. The nurse's role and skills in hypertension care: a review. Clinical Nurse Specialist. Hong W. Evidence-based nursing practice for health promotion in adults with hypertension: a literature review. Asian Nursing Research. Middeke M. Prevalence of hypertension-attributed symptoms in routine clinical practice: a general practitioners-based study.
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Counselling on lifestyle factors in hypertension care after training on the stages of change model. Counselling Skills for Health Professionals. Morrison P. Caring and Communicating. The Interpersonal Relationship in Nursing.For that reason the william shakespeare job values can be considered the Ethnic Stereotypes Essay for decision-making on whether to perform lifestyle change or not. The power of empowerment Self Care Deficit Theory In Nursing. All these Self Care Deficit Theory In Nursing affect behaviour and Self Care Deficit Theory In Nursing the patients' habits. These Self Care Deficit Theory In Nursing mean that the patient cannot develop appropriate self-care agency.